Great Benefits of Irrigation.
Where plants are supplied with water artificially it is known as irrigation. Irrigation is done in intervals to ensure proper distribution and non-wasteful use of water. In areas where rain water is not sufficient, irrigation is the common option of growing plants. Irrigation is core in maintaining the countryside view and structure.
Growth of weed can be minimized through irrigation. Irrigation plays a great role in ensuring that there is less soil consolidation which may be regarded as improper hardness of the soil. Irrigation is mainly applied in the agricultural and crop production, but it is also used in livestock production for cooling livestock bodies. Reduction and the control of dust can be done through irrigation. Irrigation in mining can be done to soften the rocks and also reduce the dust in the mining areas. Irrigation is purposeful in carrying out sewage disposal. The removal of water where it is not supposed to be can be regarded as drainage which can be wholly defined as a way of irrigation.
Irrigation has been used in many countries throughout the world in different social cultures and hence different ways of usage. The goal of irrigation in many countries is to ensure food security through continuous crop production. Irrigation has been greatly used in desert and semi-desert countries throughout a large period of time. Due to rise in technology, irrigation has also experienced rise in terms or practice. Countries have therefore seen the need to use their water bodies like rivers and lakes to supply water to the less-privileged areas of the country.
The various types of irrigation vary in terms of the method of water supply to the crops. Depending on the water consumption rate, the amount of water needed is determined. The water consumption level varies in terms in plants since some plants may entirely need constant supply of water for growth. Among the oldest type of irrigation is the surface irrigation. This type of irrigation involves use of furrows and through this structure water flows throughout the cultivated land. This mode of irrigation causes flooding especially when the soil is saturated enough. Surface irrigation is common in areas or countries with ample water supply from the water bodies.
Another famous mode of irrigation is the micro irrigation which can also be referred as the trickle irrigation. This type of irrigation involves supply of water through pipes under a certain sequence in lower quantities to the plants. Drip type of irrigation involves low amounts of water which are commonly drops being applied to crops through sprinklers and sprays. Irrigation strategies are well initiated in destinations like the irrigation in Yakima.